It was already dark when we finally arrived at Tesso Nilo National Park. Written on the gate was the message: “Selamat Datang di Kawasan Taman Nasional Tesso Nilo.”
The park, was declared as a national park in 2004, is located in Riau Province, Sumatra. It is a four-hour car journey from Pekanbaru.
Not so long afterwards, around 8 pm, we arrived at the Flying Squad Camp of Tesso Nilo. Maybe I should back up here. At that moment, I was like “Flying Squad… Wait! Flying what?”. That was the very first time I had heard Flying Squad used in relation to forest and elephants.
I thought the flying squad had something to do with flying, but according to Google, a flying squad is a division of a police force or other organization that is capable of reaching an incident quickly. OK! Then I got it. Elephant flying squad.
After checking in to the homestay, we gathered at the hall, had dinner together and received a briefing about the next day activities. We would be joining the flying squad as it did its weekly patrol (they do elephants patrols twice a week).
Early the next morning I found out that Ria and Tino, two elephants, were staying near our homestay. They seemed to be enjoying their breakfast and hanging out with the mahout.
Food for the elephants at the flying squad included things like grass and reeds. For a treat, they are also given brownies (not the same brownies that we usually have though) twice a week. Just like most of us, elephants also love brownies.
Caring for the elephants in Tesso Nilo involves bathing them twice a day and taking them to a place where they can eat and exercise. However, it was Tuesday and this is the day when the elephants of the Flying Squad Camp of Tesso Nilo go on patrol.
A patrol will last for a maximum of 15 km though that day we only went 5 km. From the flying squad camp, we would head out to shelter III, then continue to the Nilo river. I was looking forwards to the journey.
From the camp to shelter III, we passed thick forests. I rode Ria from the base camp until the Nilo river, but I decided to walk back from the Nilo river to the base camp together with Adit from WWF Indonesia and Jopang.
Perhaps because we weren’t walking fast enough, we basically couldn’t catch up with the elephants. How the hell can you catch up with elephants anyway? :/
You might be asking why the elephants need to do patrol in the National Park? Why is it so important?
Elephants are critically endangered
It’s an unfortunate reason. Sumatran Elephants are classified as critically endangered. According to WWF Indonesia, the elephant population in Riau is estimated, as of 2007, to be just 210 elephants. In 1985 there were 1,342 elephants.
The elephants in Sumatra have lost around 70 % of their habitat and 50% the population in one generation (~25 years). Land abuse is the main cause of conflict and the primary threat in Sumatra.
A lot of the elephants habitat is being lost to deforestation or has been converted to agricultural plantations. This pressure on land increases the level of conflict with the remaining elephant population.
Tesso Nilo Flying Squad Camp is strategically located in the middle of permanent trek of wild elephants and tigers. Elephants flying squad helps solve human-elephants/wildlife conflict mitigation process.
The trained elephants help to expel wild elephants near Air Hitam village and Lubuk Kembang Bungo village. In one month, they can deal with 3-4 cases. This means conflicts prevented and losses avoided.
Besides the land abuse, poaching is also one of the biggest threats for Sumatran elephants.
What we should do
1. Understand the important role of elephants in this world and the role they play in the environment. Btw, I think elephants are cool, and I hope you also think the same way too.
2. Do your best to spread the word. Let other people know that they should care too (plus why they should care). Let’s actively participate in conservation campaigns. You can start with following social media of WWF Indonesia, go check them out here: Twitter, Facebook and Instagram.
3. Make some action. You can definitely help with this! WWF Indonesia lately just launched the #BeliYangBaik campaign. They encourage you to find out and understand more about the product that you are going to buy. This helps you support companies that have environmentally friendly and sustainable policies. If your favourite product, sadly, isn’t environmentally friendly, then ask them to do so! Twitter is a great tool to make your thoughts heard.
Great action always begins with small changes, so do whatever you can and don’t forget to ask your friends to live the green lifestyle too.
If you are interested in booking accommodation for your holiday in Indonesia I recommend Airbnb. Book through this link to receive a special $25 discount. For hotel bookings I recommend Agoda for its low price and discounts.